Holly Berries
Variegated hollyTall Holly Tree
English Holly

English Holly would seem to be an improbable plant selection for Marina, but an inspection of plants surviving without water or care in local yards will include Holly. Native to Europe and England, this evergreen import generally prefers rich acid soils, but obviously it will put up with a wide range of conditions, including the alkaline humus poor sand. Holly also tolerate shade and drought conditions after plants are established.

Hollies are generally either male or female plants, and, there will need to be both present to get the signature red berries that these shrubs are known for.That said, there are some holly varieties that set berries without a pollinator. In fact, there are so many varieties(and other species) of hollies— including many variegated types — that a bit of discovery is worth the effort when choosing one for the garden. Not all varieties have sharp spiny leaves, or, red berries.

Hollies are very low maintenance when established. Trees rarely need any pruning (unless using as a hedge, corrective action when a branch breaks or for symmetry). They have few pests - scale and sooty mold can manifest in shady locations. Slow growing, evergreen, shade tolerant, ornamental and easy care; this tree could be a great solution for an odd spot in a Marina yard.

Maximum height
40 feet tall &
25 feet wide

Life Span
100 + years

Criteria for Ranking

1 (low) - 5 (high)

Drought Tolerance after first year establishment 5
Wind Tolerance 4*
Frost Tolerance 5
Surface Roots/Sidewalk Lifting 5
Power Lines Proximity

5 (good choice)
Cost/Maintenance 5
Disease Resistance/Hardiness 5*
*note asterisk denote species will be shaped by a prevailing wind.
*note asterisk denote species is susceptible to scale and sooty mold in the marine climate.

Location There is a fine variegated holly tree on Crescent by Windy Hill Park.